Joint mobilization is a passive type of manual therapy of a skeletal joint. It is aimed at a targeted joint with the goal of producing a therapeutic effect upon the joint. Treatment includes moving the affected joints at different speeds and in directions to help regain joint movement. Soft tissue techniques may also be used to help improve function and mobility.
The main goals of joint mobilization are relief of pain and returning the joint to its original mobility. Dr. Mac will measure the range of motion of the affected joint, examine the joint and how it moves in relation to the rest of your body, and then formulate the best joint mobilization therapy for your particular case. Joint mobilization can help to do the following:
- Improve range of motion
- Manipulate and mobilize tissues and joints
- Change muscle function
- Induce relaxation
- Reduce pain
- Improve tissue extensibility
- Reduce soft tissue swelling and inflammation
- Reduce movement restriction
Joints may become hypomobile (restricted in movement) as a result of many factors. Most mobilization issues are the result of tissue injury. Tissue injury may be the result of a traumatic event or repetitive stress. An example of a traumatic event may be lifting a heavy object improperly and injuring your spine, legs, hips, or knees. Another example may be a sport injury to your knees or elbows. Repetitive motions such as using a computer for long periods of time, certain occupations such as a factory worker or cashier, or sitting for long periods with bad spinal posture can put pressure on joints can cause injury.
Inflammation and tissue damage may cause the join to become immobile or interfere with its mobility and cause pain. An adjustment or manipulation of the affected joint helps to restore mobility, reduce inflammation, and alleviate pain. This allows the tissues to heal and alleviate muscle tightness. Dr. Mac uses joint mobilization to, reduce inflammation and pain, and help speed up recovery.